The Dilemma of Minority Shareholder in a China Limited Liability Company

Facts: a limited liability company (“LLC”) incorporated in 2013 in China has two shareholders with the majority shareholder having 60% of equity interests (there is no share in a China LLC, and equity is expressed in percentages), and the minority shareholder having 40%. The Company has a three-member board of directors with the majority shareholder…

Rights for minority shareholders under China Company Law

Being a minority shareholder in a China limited liability company can be a nightmare for investors, foreign or domestic. You get stuck there with no hope and find yourself no easy exit. I have witnessed many such sad stories happening to foreign clients who participated in Sino-foreign equity joint ventures.

So it will be meaningful for investors to know what…

Sue a Chinese company: tap the pockets of its shareholders and even directors

More than often, when you deal with a Chinese company, supplier, business partner or contractors, you are dealing with a China limited liability company incorporated under China Company Law. As a universal principle, the limited liability doctrine offers the “veil” protection for the shareholders or members of the those limited liability…

Issues related to sale of Chinese properties by foreign corporate owners

I have been helping foreign owners in selling more than a dozen of their Chinese properties in the past years. In practice, there is no big roadblock on the way including the final step of converting and repatriating their sale proceeds denominated in Chinese currency, namely, Renminbi, or RMB.

However, sale of China properties owned by foreign companies…

China Company Registered Capital Reform and its Implications on Your China Business

It has been more than two years since China launched its reform on corporate registered capital (also termed as legal capital) regime with a view to reviving and boosting investment by the grassroots people. Apparently, it has been a successful reform so far. But in the meantime, this reform has its far-reaching bearing on the way companies are funded and on …

中国公司法下的股东知情权诉讼的注意要点

下述文字是助理律师张雅璐的法律研究结果。对股东行使知情权要求查询公司财务状况的诉讼的要点问题进行归纳和总结

所引述的案例如下:

Case1:李淑君、吴湘、孙杰、王国兴诉江苏佳德置业发展有限公司股东知情权纠纷案

Case2:上海联华新新超市有限责任公司与上海新吴淞商贸总公司股东知情权纠纷上诉案…

Update on Jahwa General Manager Employment Case

January this year, I wrote a post commenting on the then ongoing high-profile employment dispute involving the general manager, Mr. Wang Zhuo and his employer, Shanghai Jahwa Corporation, a listed company in China. You can click here for more: http://www.sinoblawg.com/?cat=7.

Today, a piece of news ran on a news website shedding the final lights on the case.…

Corporate deadlock – a reason to dissolve your China company

It is not rare to see a Sino-foreign joint venture company (indeed any type of company) to run into a stalemate where the operation comes to halt or the minority shareholder(s) is marginalized with no rescue. For the victims in such deadlock, there should be a way out of it. After all, justice should be upheld.

I. The Law and Judicial Interpretation

As a remedy to…

Legal personality of Corporation and limited liability

Companies or corporations (in this text, a company is the same as a corporation unless otherwise indicated in the context) are so ubiquitous in our life and yet at law, companies are so elusive to define.

I am reading the book “Business Persons-A legal theory of the Firm” by Eric W. Orts, a law and economic professor at Wharton School, a nice piece …

Agency between Shareholders and Companies

This is more an academic thought than a practical tip.

I am reading the book “Agency, Partnership and the LLC” (2nd ed, West Nutshell Series)  by J. Dennis Hynes in particular to find support for my personal understanding of the agency relationship between shareholders/members and the companies/corporations they invest.

In China, law scholars seldom…

Answer to a question posed by a blog reader regarding legal representative of China company

Here is the question:

Dear Jason,

Today I was doing some research on the legal representative of WFOE’s. During my research I came across the following article:

Who the hell has the right to represent a company in China?

In your article you mention the following:

When this legal representative resigned by submitting his resignation letter to board of

How to fire a general manager of a Company in China?

I. Basic Facts and Legal Concepts in the Ongoing Case

Shanghai Jahwa Corporation, a listed public company in China, was not happy with its general manager in an internal corporate struggle, so Jahwa’s board of directors made a decision in May of 2014 to fire the general manager citing the manager’s personal responsibility for loopholes in Jahwa’s…

When does buyer become shareholder in a Chinese company when buying its shares?

To many, it may seem a simple and even stupid question. But it is not.

I   In the Case of Domestic Company

In a country with the tradition of statute laws, when a statute law fails to offer a clear answer to a certain legal issue, it can be a problem in practice.

With respect to the captioned question, China Company Law does not provide clearly for when a buyer of the …

Registered capital, the greater, the better? Not really!

With China adopting the full authorized capitalization regime in its Company Law (click here for more about China reform on company’s registered capital), there has been a clear trend in the market that companies present a much bigger amount of the registered capital to the public (now through the corporate information registration and publishing…

Who the hell has the right to represent a company in China?

This is a true story.  The question here may well boggle minds of fellow professionals in China.

I. Facts of the Case

A foreign investor has set up a wholly foreign owned enterprise (“WFOE“) in Shanghai, a limited liability company. The WFOE has a board of directors with three members, and one supervisor. One of the board member, a foreigner, was…

Derivative Action/lawsuit in China: protection of (small) shareholders

[You can also download the PDF version for review here Derivative Action_140516]

Derivative actions are regarded worldwide as an effective enhancement of corporate governance in terms of protecting shareholders from the misbehaving management of their invested company, and protecting small shareholder from being repressed by controlling shareholders.…

Case study on legal representative: a good lesson on corporate governance of companies in China

This is a true case that I am handling.

FACTS:

A European investor set up a wholly foreign-owned trading company in Shanghai, China as its foothold in China to sell its advanced products. The shareholder appointed three members on the board of directors who are all foreigners with no regular residence in China. One of the director was appointed to serve as the …

Appoint a Chinese lawyer as supervisor for your company in China

I am still working on behalf of a European corporate client to clean up the mess of its invested WFOE in Shanghai caused by the WFOE’s general manager and legal representative.

The WFOE has a board of directors and a supervisor as well. The management of the WFOE is left to a general manager who also serves as the legal representative of the WFOE. It seemed …

China’s reforms on companies’registered capital

As part of the China’s big promise of overall reforms, state cabinet announced “Plan on Reforming Registration System of Registered Capital (of Companies)” on February 14, 2014.

It is a significant move to inject vitality into Chinese ailing economy, as it lowers the threshold substantially for more ordinary people to embark on building…

stretched understanding of shareholder’s pre-emptive right to purchase equity interests under China Company Law

It is a landmark court decision in China corporate law practice in the judicial system, having far-reaching impact for anyone that holds equity interests in China limited liability companies.

The decision was made not long ago by a Shanghai People’s First Intermediary Court in the high profile dispute between Fosun and Soho in regard of the equity interest…