Sale of co-owned property in China

Properties, I mean real estate such as houses, apartments, condos, and offices, can be owned by more than one owner, resulting in co-ownership in a certain piece of property.

I.  Co-ownership under China Property Law

Under China Property Law, there are two types of co-ownership: tenancy in common and joint tenancy. However please be noted that the tenancy

Notarization and Legalization of Documents to be Used in China

Documents originating outside of China shall be first notarized and then legalized at China consulate in that country before they can be used in China official proceedings such as court lawsuit, notary office or other governmental agencies.

In practice, I generally prepare those documents in bilingual version in both English and Chinese so it is easier for…

Security provided to foreign creditors by Chinese citizens

Here is the situation presented before me: a Chinese citizen who does business in Singapore (or USA) wishes to borrow money in USD from an American citizen, and the American lender requires security or collateral to guarantee that the borrower will be able to pay off the debts (principal and interest). Fortunately, the Chinese debtor has an apartment in Shanghai…

When a foreign testamentary trust involves a property in China

As I deal with quite a number of matters of inheritance by foreigners of estates in China, a few cases in which clients from Anglo-Saxon jurisdictions such as Canada and USA inherited estates left by their family members have involved trusts that are set up by the decedents, which are very interesting to me, a lawyer in China where civil trusts are rarely used in…

The Dilemma of Minority Shareholder in a China Limited Liability Company

Facts: a limited liability company (“LLC”) incorporated in 2013 in China has two shareholders with the majority shareholder having 60% of equity interests (there is no share in a China LLC, and equity is expressed in percentages), and the minority shareholder having 40%. The Company has a three-member board of directors with the majority shareholder…

A New Understanding of Trust Laws-Close the Gap between Civil and Common Law Systems

You can download the PDF version of this post HERE.

Trusts have been hot in China recent years esp in the financial sector of China economy. As a business and family lawyer in China, I find it intriguing how the trust mechanisms can help with respect to estate planning for wealthy Chinese and business planning as well, which has prompted to further explore the world…

Citizen-state relation culture difference between China and the western countries

I have been doing research on trust laws for some time in particular the comparison between Chinese trust laws and those of the Western countries such UK and USA.b

An obviously observatory difference manifested from trust laws is that western countries recognize and allow its citizens to use trusts and other legal instruments to reduce and evade tax burdens…

A trust is an independent legal entity?

It is actually quite a predominant view that a trust is often considered to be an independent legal entity or in other words, a trust once settled, has come to have its own legal personality capable of engaging to legal activities such as owning properties or entering into contracts.

But it is not correct. Recent case rulings by American courts have confirmed …

China Divorce: divide corporate equities indirectly held by one spouse

A client asked an interesting question regarding her attempt to divide her husband’s equity interests in a China limited liability company. Here is the story: the Chinese lady client got married with a foreigner husband ten years ago and now they are in the process of divorcing. The husband has invested indirectly through a BVI company, in a foreign-invested…

Foreign corporate owners of China properties: how to sell property and take money out of China

There has been quite a few inquiries in the past from foreign companies that own properties in China (either residential or commercial) on how they can sell their China properties and then convert the sale proceeds into foreign hard currencies such as USD or Euros and take the same out of China.

I wrote a post regarding foreign corporate owners intending to sell…

Fire the General Manager of a China Company

A foreign client approached me for advice to fire the general manager of its WFOE subsidiary in Shanghai.

Indeed,  firing a general manager can be a real headache in China.

Following the high-profile case in Shanghai, in which a fired general manager of a listed company wrestled with his employer and won (not really in a strict sense) the fight by having the…

Change title of China property based on a foreign court judgment?

A client from United States just got divorced with his American wife  through court proceeding, and in the American court judgment, a piece of real estate that was bought by the couple in Shanghai China was ordered to be owned by the husband only and the husband in turn will pay a sum of money to the wife.

Now the question is whether and how the husband can …

“Houses are for living in, not for speculating on” sounds sincere this time

This “houses are for living in, not for speculating on” has been out there since last December when China top leaders met up for an economic meeting. It has become a very popular slogan among either local governments and the media.

Since then, we have seen a steady increase of property curbing measures that are put in place by Chinese local governments…

China land ministry clarifies the mystery of how to deal with expired land use right

Finally, China Ministry of Land and Resources posted on its website yesterday a Q&A series in which the long-waited guideline on how to deal with land use rights that have expired in some cities in China.

Early this year, local government in Wenzhou, Zhejiang province was reported to be ready to collect renewal fee from people whose properties are sitting…

China to boost its property leasing market

As a way to rein in the wild-going property market in China, China State Cabinet in May of this year stepped up a new piece of notice telling its local counterparts to promote property leasing market to provide shelter for people who cannot afford to purchase properties.

I personally fully agree on the move which can be a successful way to tame the property market,…

International Trade Dispute Resolution in China: get affiliated companies to pay

A while ago, I wrote another post disclosing fraudulent international trade practice some Chinese exporters engage themselves in: Again, be aware and vigilant about who you are trading with in China.

So when you are deceived and caught in such fraud and you don’t want to just walk away bruised, you may have to think of a way to recover your loss. Here in…

New curbing measures send chill in Shanghai property market

Just the other day, on the night of November 28, Shanghai government has stepped up a few new measures to cool down the property market that has despised the previous two rounds of curbing measures in this year.

Basically, the new notice issued by Shanghai government says that

  1. families that purchase property in Shanghai for the first time (meaning having no other

Cross-border Financing: offshore loan against onshore security

With more and more Chinese companies going overseas for acquisition of foreign assets or equities, China State Foreign Exchange Administration (the "SAFE") has gone in line with the tide by facilitating cross-border financing whereby it has reorganized its rules on cross-border security or guarantee. In May, 2014, SAFE issued its restated regulation …